LDAP authentication

The advantage of using LDAP is that all the users and groups information can be held on one server which is centrally managed.

The first thing to do is to install the php ldap extension on your linux system:

apt-get install php5.6-ldap

or

apt-get install php7.x-ldap

Then, in order to enable the LDAP support Lizmap, you have to change the authentication method in the configuration as follows.

Enabling ldap into Lizmap 3.2

In the localconfig.ini.php, you have to set these parameters:

[modules]
ldapdao.access=1

[coordplugin_auth]
driver=ldapdao

These parameters enable the ldapdao module of Lizmap. If you copied localconfig.ini.php from localconfig.ini.php.dist, you have already this parameters but they are commented.

Then you have to add a section [ldap:lizmapldap] into your profiles.ini.php, with some settings that allow to connect to your ldap server, and to search users into the ldap. The section may already exist if you copied profiles.ini.php from the profiles.ini.php.dist.

[ldap:lizmapldap]
hostname=localhost
port=389
adminUserDn="cn=admin,ou=lizmap,dc=com"
adminPassword=""
searchUserBaseDN="dc=XY,dc=fr"
searchUserFilter="(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(uid=%%LOGIN%%))"
bindUserDN="uid=%?%,ou=users,dc=XY,dc=fr"
searchAttributes="uid:login,givenName:firstname,sn:lastname,mail:email"
searchGroupFilter=
searchGroupProperty="cn"
searchGroupBaseDN=""

See details about how to set these parameters in a section below.

Note

these parameters could be in the ldapdao section of auth.coord.ini.php configuration files, but it is not recommended to modify these files, as when you do upgrade, you should do modification again in them.

To finish to enable the module, run php lizmap/install/installer.php

Enabling ldap into Lizmap 3.0 and 3.1

Lizmap 3.2 embed the ldaodao module but not Lizmap 3.0 and 3.1, so you should install it by hand.

So download it from https://github.com/jelix/ldapdao-module , and copy the ldapdao directory into you lizmap/lizmap-modules/ directory (you should use at least the 2.0.0 version)

Declare the ldapdao module into the lizmap/var/config/localconfig.ini.php file

[modules]
ldapdao.access=1

Check the following modules state into the lizmap/var/config/mainconfig.ini.php file

[modules]
;...
jacl2.access=1
jauth.access=2
jauthdb.access=1

Run php lizmap/install/installer.php

Run lizmap/install/set_rights.sh www-data www-data

Redefine the path of the authentication config file into the lizmap/var/config/admin/config.ini.php and lizmap/var/config/index/config.ini.php files:

[coordplugins]
auth="authldap.coord.ini.php"

Create a profile like this according to your ldap settings into the lizmap/var/config/profiles.ini.php file

[ldap:myldap]
hostname=localhost
port=389
adminUserDn="cn=admin,ou=admins,dc=acme"
adminPassword="Sup3rP4ssw0rd"
searchUserBaseDN="dc=XY,dc=fr"
searchUserFilter="(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(uid=%%LOGIN%%))"
bindUserDN="uid=%?%,ou=users,dc=XY,dc=fr"
searchAttributes="uid:login,givenName:firstname,sn:lastname,mail:email"
searchGroupFilter=
searchGroupProperty="cn"
searchGroupBaseDN=""

Now you have to change these settings.

ldap settings

Configuration properties for user data

To verify password, or to register the user into Lizmap the first time he authenticate himself, the plugin needs some data about the user.

You should indicate to it which ldap attributes it can retrieve, and which database fields that will receive the ldap attributes values.

You indicate such informations into the searchAttributes property. It is a pair of names, <ldap attribute>:<table field>, separated by a comma.

In this example, searchAttributes="uid:login,firstname,sn:lastname,mail:email,dn:":

  • the value of the uid ldap attribute will be stored into the login field
  • the value of the sn ldap attribute will be stored into the lastname field
  • the value of the firstname ldap attribute will be stored into a field that have the same name, as there is no field name nor :.
  • there will not be mapping for the dn property. There is a : without field name. It will be readed from ldap, and can be used into the bindUserDN DN template. (see below).

The list of possible fields in Lizmap are: login, email, firstname, lastname, organization, phonenumber, street, postcode, city, country. Only login and email are required. Others are optional.

Configuration properties for authentication

Before to try to authenticate the user against the ldap, the plugin retrieves user properties. It uses two configuration parameters : searchUserFilter and searchAttributes.

The searchUserFilter should contain the ldap query, and a %%LOGIN%% placeholder that will be replaced by the login given by the user.

Example: searchUserFilter="(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(uid=%%LOGIN%%))"

You may also indicate the base DN for the search, into searchUserBaseDN. Example: searchUserBaseDN="ou=ADAM users,o=Microsoft,c=US".

Note that you can indicate several search filters, if you have complex ldap structure. Use [] to indicate an item list:

searchUserFilter[]="(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(uid=%%LOGIN%%))"
searchUserFilter[]="(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(cn=%%LOGIN%%))"

To verify the password, the plugin needs the DN (Distinguished Name) corresponding to the user. It builds the DN from a “template” indicated into the bindUserDN property, and from various data. These data can be the given login or one of the ldap attributes of the user.

  • Building the DN from the login given by the user: bindUserDN should contain a DN, with a %%LOGIN%% placeholder that will be replaced by the login.

    Example: bindUserDN="uid=%%LOGIN%%,ou=users,dc=XY,dc=fr". If the user give john.smith as a login, the authentication will be made with the DN bindUserDN="uid=john.smith,ou=users,dc=XY,dc=fr".

    For some LDAP, the DN could be a simple string, for example an email. You could then set bindUserDN="%%LOGIN%%@company.local". Or even bindUserDN="%%LOGIN%%" if the login can type the full value of the DN or an email or else.. (Probably it’s not recommended to allow a user to type himself its full DN, it can be a security issue)

  • Building the DN from one of the ldap attributes of the user. In this case, the plugin will first query the ldap directory with the searchUserFilter filter, to retrieve the user’s ldap attributes. Then, in bindUserDN, you can indicate a DN where some values will be replaced by some attributes values, or you can indicate a single attribute name, corresponding to an attribute that contain the full DN of the user.

    For the first case, bindUserDn should contain a DN, with some %?% placeholders that will be replaced by corresponding attributes value. Example: bindUserDN="uid=%?%,ou=users,dc=XY,dc=fr". Here it replaces the %?% by the value of the uid attribute readed from the user’s attributes. The attribute name should be present into the searchAttributes configuration property, even with no field mapping. Ex: ...,uid:,.... See above.

    For the second case, just indicate the attribute name, prefixed with a $. Example: bindUserDN="$dn". Here it takes the dn attribute readed from the search, and use its full value as the DN to login against the ldap server. It is useful for some LDAP server like sometimes Active Directory that need a full DN specific for each user. The attribute name should be present into the searchAttributes configuration property, even with no field mapping. Ex: ...,dn:,.... See above.

Note that you can indicate several dn templates, if you have complex ldap structure. Use [] to indicate an item list:

bindUserDN[]="uid=%?%,ou=users,dc=XY,dc=fr"
bindUserDN[]="cn=%?%,ou=users,dc=XY,dc=fr"

Configuration properties for user rights

If you have configured groups rights into Lizmap, and if these groups match your ldap groups, you can indicate to the plugin to automatically put the user into the application groups, according to the user ldap groups.

You should then indicate into searchGroupFilter the ldap query that will retrieve the groups of the user.

Example: searchGroupFilter="(&(objectClass=posixGroup)(member=%%USERDN%%))"

%%USERDN%% is replaced by the user dn. %%LOGIN%% is replaced by the login. You can also use any ldap attributes you indicate into searchAttributes, between %%. Example: searchGroupFilter="(&(objectClass=posixGroup)(member=%%givenName%%))"

Warning : setting searchGroupFilter will remove the user from any other application groups that don’t match the ldap group. If you don’t want a groups synchronization, leave searchGroupFilter empty.

With searchGroupProperty, you must indicate the ldap attribute that contains the group name. Ex: searchGroupProperty="cn".

You may also indicate the base DN for the search, into searchGroupBaseDN. Example: searchGroupBaseDN="ou=Groups,dc=Acme,dc=pt".